The Objective of the Japanese Fund-in-Trust (JFIT) for Scientific Programmes on Global Challenges is to support and strengthenÂ UNESCO activities in the field of science in Asia and the Pacific Region in line with UNESCO’s Strategic programme objectives and priorities, by utilizing Japan’s financial and scientific resources.
The overarching Objective defined in UNESCO’s Medium Term Strategy for 2008-2013 for its Major Program II (Natural Sciences) is to “Mobilize Science Knowledge and Policy for Sustainable Development”. This overarching objective covers three Strategic Programme Objectives:
- To leverage scientific knowledge for the benefit of the environment and the management of natural resources
- To foster policies and capacity-building in science, technology, and innovation
- To contribute to disaster preparedness and mitigation
The following Strategic Programme Objective from Major Programme III (Social and Human Sciences is also relevant to this JFIT programme:
- To Promote principles, parctices and ethical norms relevant for scientific and technological development
The Biennial Plan (2010-2011) of the Natural Sciences Programme defines two Biennial Sectoral Priorities (BSP) and addresses four Main Lines of Action (MLA):
- BSP 1: Policies and capacity-building in science, technology and innovation for sustainable development and poverty eradication.
- BSP 2: Sustainable management of freshwater, ocean and terrestrial resources, including renewable sources of energy, as well as disaster preparedness and mitigation.
- MLA 1: Enhancing the leverage of science through an integrated science, technology and innovation (STI) policy.
- MLA 2: Reinforcing capacity-building in the sciences and strengthening science education.
- MLA 3: Promoting the sustainable management and conservation of freshwater, terrestrial resocurces and biodiversity.
- MLA 4: Strengthening the UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) and broadening the scope of its activities for the benefit of all Member States: improving governance and fostering intergovernmental cooperation to manage and protect oceans and coastal zones.
Although the main emphasis of this UNESCO – JFIT Science programme for ASPAC is on the Natural Sciences, the programme will also include elements from the Major Programme III, Social and Human Sciences, in order to make better use of their combined strengths in addressing socio-economic challenges in the region. Major Programme III includes the following MLA, which of Â direct relevance for programme delivery under this UNESCO-JFIT Programme:
MLA 4 SHS: Supporting Member States in developing policies in the ethics of science and technology especially bioethics, and disseminating the existing declarations in the field of bioethics
In Addition to the above MLAs, the programme will also address the following intersectoral Platforms in ASPAC region:
- Science Education (ISP-1: MP I, II and III)
- Education for Sustainable Development (ISP-3: all MPs)
- Fostering ICT-enhanced learning (ISP-5: MP I and V)
- Strengthening National Research Systems (ISP-6: MP I, II, III, and V)
- Support to countries in post-conflict and disaster situations (ISP-9: all MPs)
- UNESCO action to address climate change (ISP-11: all MPs)