Water Interoperability Networks for Global Change Adaptation (WINGA)
Summary and background
The International Hydrological Programme (IHP), UNESCO’s intergovernmental scientific co-operative programme in water resources, is a vehicle through which Member States can upgrade their knowledge of the water cycle and thereby increase their capacity to better manage and develop their water resources. The programme together with UNESCO Jakarta regional science support strategy aims at the improvement of the scientific and technological basis for the development of methods for the rational management of water resources, including the protection of the environment, through the collaboration and participation of the National IHP Committees of Southeast Asia and the Pacific, Hydrological Institutions and water related Research Centres. Special emphasis has been highlighted in the 36 C/5 on the biennial priorities such as (i) strengthening scientific approaches for improved water management policies and governance, focusing on the impacts of climate change on water resources management, particularly in arid and semiarid zones and in urban systems, via specific efforts; (ii) enhancing water related technical capacity-building and education at all levels; provide approaches for adapting to the impacts of global changes on river basins and aquifers; (iii) supporting national and regional efforts to develop, integrate and complement capacities to reduce and address risks arising from land-based and freshwater natural disasters with a focus on policy advice, knowledge sharing, awareness-raising, and education for disaster preparedness, with particular attention to integrating a gender perspective and to youth.
In the framework of the International Hydrological Programme focusing on the impacts of climatic variability and change and in line with UNESCO’s 34C/4 and 36C/5 documents and the regional bureau science support strategy, the project intends to strengthen, in the ASPAC Region, scientific approaches for improved water resources management policies and governance with reference to hydrological hazards and extreme events, particularly in arid and semiarid zones and in urban systems. The approach was aimed at producing high quality scientific results as well as translating them to water resources management needs of governments and communities leading to sustainability science approach. The project provided, with 4 components, a thorough approach to water resources research, development and management by conducting the following activities:
- Maintaining the interoperability of water networks in the ASPAC region through the RSC – Regional Steering Committee for Southeast Asia and the Pacific, essential to the implementation of interlinked activities both at national and regional levels, by organising the 20th RSC meeting in conjunction with the 2nd International Conference on Water Resources (ICWR2012) “Sharing Knowledge of Issues in Water Resources Management to Face the Future”;
- Building capacities through the 22nd IHP training course in Nagoya on "Precipitation measurement from space";
- Developing an adaptation approach for land-based disasters and hydrological extremes, particularly:
- floods (Asia Pacific Flow Regimes from International and Experimental Network Data (AP-FRIEND) and Flood Forecasting and Warning System (FFWS)),
- droughts (Managing Aquifer Recharge (MAR) demo site in Ninh Thuan Province, Vietnam and Global Network on Water and Development Information in Arid Lands (GWADI) demo sites in the Heihe river basin, China and Kashafroud Basin of Iran, by implementing effective water resources management) and
- landslides (International Consortium on Landslides (ICL) – Southeast Asia Network), using the Disaster Reduction Hyperbase as dissemination platform and Sustainability Science component and;
- Promoting sustainable urban water management through the Sustainable Water Management in Asian Cities (SWITCH-in-Asia) in the context of sustainability science, and by using an innovative “learning alliance” concept in water management.
- Regional Steering Committee Meeting
- IHP Nagoya Training. Website: http://www.ihpnagoyaforum.org
- SWITCH-in-Asia. Website: http://www.switch-in-asia.org
- Disaster Reduction Hyperbase (DRH)
- Progress Report of WINGA–ASPAC International Hydrological Programme – Water Interoperability Networks for Global Change Adaptation “Phase 4 of 555RAS2008”.